By Evan Hamme and Timothy Gustafson

The California State Board of Equalization (Board) unanimously rejected Craigslist, Inc.’s (Craigslist) argument that California’s adoption of a factor-presence nexus regime in 2009 reflected pre-existing federal constitutional nexus standards pursuant to which Craigslist would be “subject to tax” in jurisdictions where it did not have a physical presence, and

Direct Marketing Association continued its fight against Colorado’s use tax reporting regime during oral arguments today before the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. After getting sidetracked with a jurisdictional question that proceeded to the U.S. Supreme Court, DMA returned to the Tenth Circuit and urged it to affirm the decision of

On June 2, 2015, the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial and Antitrust Law conducted a hearing on three state tax bills: the Mobile Workforce State Income Tax Simplification Act, the Digital Goods and Services Tax Fairness Act, and the Business Activity Tax Simplification Act.

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By Saabir Kapoor and Andrew Appleby

After the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit denied an en banc rehearing on October 1, 2013, the Direct Marketing Association (DMA) is expected to bring suit in Colorado District Court to challenge the constitutionality of the Colorado law that requires out-of-state retailers without a physical presence

By Madison Barnett and Prentiss Willson

The Florida Department of Revenue, adopting a recommended order of the Division of Administrative Hearings, ruled that a Georgia-based heavy equipment dealer had substantial nexus in Florida based on its delivery of equipment in company-owned trucks and its advertising in a Florida trade publication. The company’s contacts with Florida

The West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals held that an out-of-state licensor of intangible property did not have nexus in West Virginia despite products bearing its intangible property being sold in the state. Griffith v. ConAgra Brands, Inc., Dkt. No. 10-AA-02 (W. Va. May 24, 2012). The decision is an important taxpayer victory, particularly for licensors of intangible property.

ConAgra Foods, Inc., a food products company, established and transferred to a wholly owned subsidiary, ConAgra Brands (CA Brands), numerous trademarks and trade names. CA Brands also acquired intangibles from unrelated third parties. CA Brands licensed the intangibles to related and unrelated parties in return for royalty payments. The licensed food products were manufactured by the licensees outside of West Virginia and were sold or distributed to wholesalers and retailers in several states, including West Virginia. CA Brands had no physical presence in West Virginia, and it did not control how the licensees distributed the products bearing the CA Brands’ intangibles.Continue Reading Efforts to Expand Economic Nexus Stall in West Virginia

In shocking similarity to the once-popular Amy Winehouse song “Rehab,” the U.S. Supreme Court denied certiorari in two nexus cases: KFC Corp. v. Iowa, 792 N.W.2d 308 (Iowa Dec. 30, 2010) and Lamtec Corp. v. Wash. Dep’t of Revenue, Docket No. 83579-9, en banc (Wash. Jan. 20, 2011) but left open the possibility to hear DIRECTV, Inc. v. Levin, 128 Ohio St.3d 68 (Ohio Dec. 27, 2010).

KFC is an economic nexus case involving the license of intangibles. KFC did not have any employees or property within Iowa; KFC licensed the use of trademarks and other intangibles to independent franchisees in the state in exchange for royalties. The Iowa Supreme Court held that KFC’s license of the intangibles was the “functional equivalent” of physical presence under Quill and that, in the alternative, physical presence was not required to find substantial nexus for corporate income tax purposes.

The Court also denied certiorari in Lamtec, where the taxpayer’s sole presence in the state was irregular employee visits to customers. The Washington Supreme Court determined that Lamtec had nexus with Washington for Business and Occupation (B&O) tax purposes and raised additional questions regarding how Washington views the physical presence test relating to the B&O tax, stating: “We conclude that to the extent there is a physical presence requirement, it can be satisfied by the presence of activities within the state.” (emphasis added).Continue Reading These Cases Tried to Go to the U.S. Supreme Court, But the Court said “No…No…Oh?”

On September 1, the Superior Court of New Jersey, Appellate Division, issued its opinion in Praxair Technology, Inc. v. Dir., Div. of Taxation, Case No. A-6262-06T3 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 2010), which upheld the Director’s imposition of a penalty on Praxair for failing to file a tax return for the 1994, 1995, and 1996 tax years. Praxair took the position that it was not subject to tax under New Jersey tax law because it did not have physical presence in New Jersey. Although the statute remained unchanged, the New Jersey Division of Taxation made a regulatory change in 1996 to add an example that explained that it was the Division’s position that Praxair was subject to the corporate business tax. In addition, the Appellate Division upheld a post-amnesty penalty against Praxair because it failed to take advantage of the 2002 tax amnesty, even though the New Jersey Supreme Court, in 2006, held that economic presence was put into effect in 1996 with the regulatory change.  Lanco, Inc. v. Dir., Div. of Taxation, 908 A.2d 176 (N.J. 2006).Continue Reading New Jersey Appellate Division Says Praxair Should Have Read the Tea Leaves on Tax Liabilities